Hey guys I know it’s been a while. We’re so sorry for our absence we have had a lot of school work and personal stuff going on, but now it’s the holidays (yaaaay!) and we’re back in full force, bringing you blog posts and some extra things to spice up this platform and also expand this brand we are trying to create.
Today my blog post is going to be mainly focused on skin discolouration, this is something that I and many women of colour have to deal with. Discolouration of skin can be caused by changes in melanin, a substance produced in the skin cells that gives skin its colour.
Make up is the prime thing that everyone uses to cover up their skin discolouration. This is helpful but not a permanent solution. There are different types and causes of discolouration and blotches that may be taking forever to fade and could be damaging your self confidence. There are many ways to combat skin discolouration!
There are two types of pigmentation abnormalities that can happen:
- Skin with too much melanin is called hyper pigmented skin.
- Skin with less melanin is called hypo pigmented skin.
What causes hyper pigmentation?
- Acne scars – If you have ever had acne at a point in your life when the spots finally start to clear, many still have issues with the scaring left behind which can literally take YEARS to fade.
- Pregnancy – When pregnant you are likely to gain weight which can make your skin darker. Hormones during pregnancy cause melasma. This can cause dark patches to appear on your face. (This also occurs as a result of using birth control, certain medications or hormone replacement therapy).
- Sun damage – When the skin is constantly exposed to the suns, it triggers an overproduction of melanin. Over time the damage done causes there to be an uneven distribution of melanin which causes skin discolouration.
- Injuries – Hyper pigmentation can also be caused by the self healing of the skin. This happens when the inflammatory response occurs after an injury.
Treatments for hyper pigmentation:
- Exfoliation – Exfoliation is a key step when hyper pigmentation spots and discolouration occur, it speeds up cell turnover to remove hyper pigmented cells faster.
- Daily use of SPF – This is key to prevent discolouration from the suns rays
- laser treatment
- chemical peels
Home remedies for hyper pigmentation:
- Cucumber juice – I have recently been using this and have seen great results. Apply the cucumber juice alone or mix it with honey and lemon juice in equal amounts. Apply this over the affected areas, regularly once a day, for half an hour and then wash it off.
- Orange peel – Mix dry, powdered orange peel with cold milk and a some honey to make a thick paste. Apply it gently over the pigmented skin and let it sit there for half an hour then wash it off.
- Tomato, Oatmeal and Yoghurt: Tomato acts as natural bleach. Yoghurt also works as natural bleach and has skin tightening properties. Oatmeal works as a natural scrubber.
- Aloe Vera juice: Aloe Vera has natural soothing and healing properties. Squeeze out aloe Vera gel from an aloe Vera leaf and store this in a bottle in refrigerator. Apply this gel over the affected areas for 20 minutes. It works to slough off older skin cells and regenerate the newer ones.
- Potato: Potatoes are well known to remove skin pigmentation, dark spots and blemishes. Rub gently a freshly cut slice of potato on the affected areas of your skin every day.
What causes hypo pigmentation?
- Vitiligo – Vitiligo causes white patches all over the body. It is an autoimmune disorder where the melanin cells are damaged. There is no cure for vitiligo, but several treatments to help. These are narrowband UVB light treatments, corticosteroid creams and skin laser treatments.
2. Albinism – Albinism is hereditary. It is a genetic disorder which derives from the lack of the enzyme that makes melanin. This affects a lot of bodily features including the skin, hair and eyes. This disorder is not prevalent on black skin but is still relevant to a selection of people.There is no cure and people with albinism have to take extra precautions with skin as their skin is very sensitive.
3. Keloids – When extra scar tissue forms a keloid is created. Keloids are most common in people with darker skin. Hypo pigmentation on the keloid results in discolouration. It is possible to get keloids from skin problems, like adult acne, Keloids can also be formed after a piercing or a bite. Keloids can be treated from silicone gel patches, corticosteroid injections or surgical removal.
Preventing skin pigmentation:
1. Avoid exposure to Sun and heat: Avoid exposure to UV rays of the sun and thermal radiation from heat. This will help in containing keeping your skin pigmentation normal.
2. Follow a skin care routine
3. Wear sunscreen when going out and cover yourself with a hat and long sleeves. Wearing sunscreen every day will help in preventing or reducing age spots when you get older.
That’s it for today from me. Thank you for reading and I hope you have learnt something new. Please put any thoughts you may have in the comments. Watch this space for some more blog posts coming your way.
Peace and love
(all photos from google images)
(all photos from google images)